23 December 2014, Geneva, Switzerland – UNITAR’s Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) today issued a substantive report following detailed satellite imagery analysis of cultural heritage sites in Syria. The report documents widespread damage caused by the current conflict to cultural heritage areas, including UNESCO World Heritage Properties. Areas such as Aleppo, where settlements have been in place for over 7,000 years, Damascus, Crac des Chevaliers, Raqqa and Palmyra have all been exposed to major damage. Looting, destruction from aerial bombardment and other explosions, as well as infrastructure construction at cultural sites significantly threatens the heritage to future generations of these historic structures and objects.
A total of 18 different cultural heritage areas were analyzed using commercially available satellite imagery. UNITAR-UNOSAT found a total of 290 locations inside these 18 areas to have been directly affected during the last three years:
- 24 destroyed
- 104 severely damaged
- 85 moderately damaged
- 77 possibly damaged
UNITAR-UNOSAT’s analysis is an alarming testimony of the ongoing damage that is happening to Syria’s vast cultural heritage. National and international efforts for the protection of these areas need to be scaled up in order to save as much as possible of this important heritage to human-kind.
UNITAR’s Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT)
UNOSAT is a technology-intensive programme delivering imagery analysis and satellite solutions to relief and development organizations within and outside the UN system to help make a difference in critical areas such as humanitarian relief, human security, strategic territorial and development planning. UNOSAT develops applied research solutions keeping in sight the needs of the beneficiaries at the end of the process. (www.unitar.org/unosat)